Termites, are small soft bodied insects, commonly referred to as white ants. Although they look similar ro ants, they
are not related . There are many species of termites in Malaysia. Some are important recycles of dead and decaying
timber, others feed on grasses, while only a few species cause economic damage to timber. These economically
significant species of subterranean termite travel through soil as they constantly forage for and evaluate the size and
quality of potential food resources. They seek out cellulose, the primary component of wood. They feed on fallen of
dead trees and benefit the environment by recycling nutrients from them. Unfortunately, termites also find timber in
service in houses very attractive and cause significant damage as a result.
They have the potentila to be present in a building for several years with few obvious signs of activity. Termites form large nests of colonies, within
which individual members(millions in some cases) work tirelessly to ensure it survives and flourishes. There are several castes within the colony
with clearly defined workloads and responsibilities.
Flies live in garbage and wherever animal feces are available. Dead animals attract flies within hours after death.
Most flies are diurnal. Larvae feed on decaying meat and feces. Adult flies feed on sugary food of any kind, including
nectar and rotting fruit.

Because of their habits of being attracted to feces and decaying meat, flies have been implicated in transmission of
disease such as dysentery, typhoid fever, and cholera.
Where to find
Flies live around rotting food, decaying meat and animal feces. Horse stables, feed lots and restaurant trash bins are a few of the fly-frequented
areas. Flies are more common in warm weather.
Rodents are destructive and can spread disease. They are most active at night although they may be seen during
the day when numbers are high and food is in short supply. Apart from tell-tale droppings, rats in particular may be
indicated by signs of gnawing needed to control the growth of their teeth, oily smears from their coats along walls
used for guidance due to their poor eyesight, burrows and worn tracks in undergrowth.

Where bait stations are used, they should be checked at least every other day and replenished as required. Baiting
should continue until the bait is no longer being taken. Tracking powders are another alternative. These rely on the
rodent picking up the powder on its feet and fur, then ingesting the poison in grooming itself. Tracking powders may be useful where it is difficult to
remove the alternative food sources.
The German, American, Australian, Smoky Brown and Oriental cockroaches are considered pests because they live
indoors. Cockroaches have not yet been proven to be involved in the transmission of disease, but the potential
definitely exists. Most cockroach species live for 3 to 12 months and take only 6 weeks to reach adulthood.
Depending on the species each female can lay 13 to 50 egg cases, each containing between 16 to 40 eggs.

Cockroaches are an ancient group, having remained relatively unchanged for hundreds of millions of years.  They
have a flattened body, long antennae and bristly legs.  They have specialised sensors called 'cerci' (which are like
rear-mounted antennae) that make them acutely aware of their surroundings. Any sign of danger sends them scuttling away.  They also have the
ability to eat almost anything including all consumable food and other stuff such as toothpaste, paper, soap, glue, leather and excrement.   This is a
great advantage when competing with other species for food.  A few cockroach species have become associated with humans.  The amount of
waste that we produce provides a great variety of food for them and their many offspring.  Over the course of a year some female cockroaches can
produce over 20,000 young.  Depending on species, they can be small or large in size.

Their sheer numbers and indiscriminate feeding habits mean they may spread disease-causing organisms, although there is very little evidence to
suggest this actually happens.  They do, however, cause strong allergic reactions in some people.  They like warm, dark and moist environments.  
They will hide in cracks and creavices and are active by night.

Cockroach diversity:

  • Worldwide there are around 4,000 species of cockroaches.
  • Approximately 450 of these are found in Australia.
  • In Australia, only five species are considered pests.

The five pest species have become scavenging experts and have a long association with humans.  In fact, some scientists believe that as early
humans left Africa to colonise the world, cockroaches were probably not far behind.
Ants are one of the most common insects found around us. You get them in homes as well as in office buildings.
They are pests because they travel to all kinds of places, including garbage areas, and may carry germs on their
bodies. In this manner, they transmit diseases and cause food poisoning. In addition, ants inflict painful bites.

Besides inflict a painful burning sting, they invade our backyards, parks and recreational areas threaten native flora
and fauna injure domestic animals damage crops and equipment.
Mosquito bites, besides irritates skin it also transmit diseases such as malaria and dengue fever. It is not only
nuisance to humans, it had also claims thousands of human lives each year.
Types of Mosquito
1. Aedes Mosquito
2. Anopheles Mosquito
3. Culex Mosquito
Aedes mosquito has black body and legs with white spots and stripes on them. It is very active during the day and strongly attracted to humans for
blood feeding. It is the main trasmitter of dengue fever, dengue haemorrhagic fever and the deadly yellow fever. Aedes mosquito breeds in
containers, flower vases and plates where water present are always clean. Its also breed in tree holes, roof gutters, watering cans or any puddles
of water around the house collecting rainwater.

It has white or rusty-red spots on its wings and bites during the night. It breeds mainly in streams, ponds and swampy areas.

This species bites at night and it's bite is very itchy. Culex mosquito is light brown in color and a big nuisance because it lays many eggs at one time
which hatch into numerous adult mosquito. Culex mosquito breeds in polluted water (drains blocked with litter). Other then itchy bites, they transmit
horrible desease called elephantiasis. A disease that cause the victim's limbs to swell to a huge size resembling elephant limbs. To prevent from
all these happening Engage DePEST services immediate to ensure you are save in your own comfortable home or working place.
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